What follows are some thoughts on taking better notes – on how to become a pro at note taking.

I’ve found that by taking better notes I’ve felt calmer, more in control of my personal development, remembered more and not surprisingly – been taken more seriously in my career.

Why not watch the video, or read on below.

Digital Versus Analogue

First off, let’s get the topic of digital versus analogue out of the way.

I personally recommend you take notes using a pen and paper.

It may seem old school but don’t worry, we’ll use digital tools later in the process for what they are good for.

Here are 5 reason why taking notes on pen and paper is superior to using digital tools.

Reason 1 – we write to remember

When we use analogue note-taking, we stand more chance of remembering in the moment. After all we’re writing to remember NOW, not in the future. There’s a growing amount of research to suggest that when we write using a pen and paper, we increase our chance of remembering what we’ve written.

When my boys are practicing their spellings, they write them out. When they don’t, and they try to learn by merely reading and remembering, their scores dip.

With so much information flying around at work and home, it pays to write down information that is needed – that way we stand a much better chance of remembering it.

Reason 2 – Interpret, don’t transcribe

When we use keyboards, we can type really quickly, so we often end up transcribing what is being said, rather than digesting it, internalising it, deconstructing it and putting it on to paper in our own words.

We won’t learn if we don’t interpret the information.

That digestion and sense-making is part of the learning process.

A photo showing bullet list note taking

Reason 3 – removing devices show’s we’re listening

When we put our digital devices away and take notes by hand, we show other’s that we’re listening. Listening is the greatest compliment we can give somebody.

When we have our laptops open in discussions or meetings, the other person has no idea whether we’re on Twitter, checking emails or making notes.

It’s not great to create physical barriers between you and the person talking either, so close that lid and pay attention.

It also shows a level of professionalism. There are very few leaders, entrepreneurs and people of influence that don’t take notes. The fact you’re taking notes is a good thing – it shows you’re taking your career seriously – and it shows others that you’re capable.

Reason 4 – Digital tools can distract us

When we have our laptops open, unless we’ve disabled notifications and closed down apps, which few people do, we may get distracted by incoming demands on our time.

It’s not uncommon to see people in meetings responding to email, or texting on their phone. It’s rude. If you’re not needed in the meeting, then leave – don’t do email or other forms of messaging. The best way to avoid temptation is to leave your digital devices alone.

Multi-tasking is a myth – you cannot be doing email and contributing properly to the meeting or discussion.

It also shows others that instead of being present and making notes like a pro, you’d rather be doing something else. Not a good look.

Reason 5 – keyboards are annoying to others

Taking notes on paper is far less annoying than bashing away on a keyboard. It’s really annoying to have someone tapping away during a meeting. It’s even more annoying having someone do it at a conference – sat right behind you banging away on their keyboard.

Digital note taking may seem like a more efficient way of taking notes – and it maybe is, but in my experience, it’s a far less effective way.

And there is little point in making something ineffective more efficient.

The goal with note taking it to be effective. And the mighty pen and paper has lasted the test of time – and I for one, don’t see it going anywhere just yet,

Digital Tools have a place

But hold on, I’m not a luddite. At some point all of the actions, insights and information from your notes should possibly make its way into a digital tool.

Digital tools are really good at long term storage and more importantly – retrieval and search-ability.

Each week I make time on my schedule, usually on a Friday afternoon, to process all of the notes I’ve taken and put them in to the right digital tool.

Work Related Notes

For work related personnel data such as observations, feedback and 1:2:1 notes I use the HR approved system.

What HR approved system I hear you say? 

Exactly, it’s rare to see a company take this stuff seriously.

Be the manager that pushes for a system to store personnel notes.

It’s not great to use a personal tool such as Evernote or OneNote without it complying to your company’s data protection policies. This is our people’s data we may be storing as notes – treat it like you would your customer data.

Ensure its secure, compliant and safe from prying eyes within the business. These are your manager notes about your staff – they are for performance purposes – so treat them with respect and care.

Tasks and Actions

For tasks and actions these go to my ToDo list of choice – ToDoist.

Screenshot of ToDoist website

ToDoist is a great digital tool for getting stuff done.

If I am working with a client, then I will use my corporate calendar to allot time to completing tasks and projects instead of my personal ToDoist.

This way I can see all of the work I have to do and when I’m doing it. I can prioritise, see clashes of time and comprehend what my day looks like so I can be massively productive.

Everything else

For everything else such as ideas, notes, inspiration, thoughts, blog ideas, book notes – these end up in Evernote.

I tag them, process them into folders and know where to retrieve them from. I’ve already done a video and post on Building a Personal Knowledge Management System, so I won’t cover how I turn insights in to knowledge in this post.

Screenshot of Evernote folders

In that post I referred to processing my notes using Apple Notes. That was until one day I woke up to find ALL of my notes gone. I still have no idea what happened – so I’ve ditched that tool and I’m back with Evernote.

So, what should you take notes about?

Let’s jump into some ideas about what to take notes about.

Well, there’s the obvious notes from meetings and conferences. Notes from books. Notes from observations. Notes from everyday life. Tasks, ideas, memorable numbers etc.

Instead of prattling on about each different subject, I figured it might be helpful to show you my notebooks and what I use them for.

This may resonate with you. You may just put me down as a stationery freak and move on.

Before we dive in though, I should outline the three rules I use to organise my analogue note-taking.

  1. Rule 1 is to a single paper container for a single use, which we’ll cover in a minute.
  2. Rule 2 is to always use the same legend, key, labelling system no matter what “type” of note I am recording. More on this later.
  3. Rule 3 is to make everything 60 days proof – more on this later.

Rule 1 – separate containers

By having a separate container (notebook) for each use I can keep parts of my thinking, process and life separate.

It does mean I have a growing number of containers – but I’m happy to have that to maintain some form of organisation for my notes.

Journaling

My journal is written into a Moleskine notebook.

A photo of my journal

Learning Notebook

My learning notes and ideas for growth are written into a super posh Ted Baker notebook.

Picture of my learning notebook

Although recently I’ve stopped reading as much as I’m writing a book and doing videos – but once I’ve done the book – I’m back in to learning mode.

Photo of inside the learning notebook

Breaking out big ideas

Big ideas, brainstorming and breaking down concepts is all done on my trusty Yellow Legal Pads.

Photo of Yellow Legal Pad

I also use these to write chapters of my books. I also write out most of my talks in long hand in a yellow legal pad, before jumping to MS Word to make use of spell checks and rapid typing.

Photo of inside my yellow legal pad

Weekly Planning

My weekly plan is done into this funky little Inamio Planner.

Photo of Inamio Weekly Planner

I can plan my week and make a list of my most important tasks.

I still use ToDoist to store my tasks – but I like to see my most important tasks alongside my weekly agenda.

Film Making Project Book

My weekly video shots and ideas are captured in a funky little project management book from Paperchase.

A photo of my film making project manager book

I use this book because it’s portable – so when I’m out and about shooting films, I can carry this with me.

A photo from inside the film making notebook

It’s a cool little notebook and its fun trying to condense my video shot lists down on to a single page. It forces some creativity.

Out and About Note Capture

And finally, I carry a little notebook like this when out and about.

Picture of my out and about notebooks

This book is perfect for my jeans pocket – and I can capture anything that comes to mind when I’m on the train or out and about.

I like to capture everything that comes to mind – you never know when that silly idea on a train might become a fully-fledged project. Parent Brain started that way – and it’s now a project in its own right.

You’ll notice how each one is different in size to allow for expansive thinking or condensed planning. This is on purpose – I want my notebooks to be practical and useful for the situation they are used in.

And of course, simply associating an activity with a notebook is a good idea.

For example, when I open my Moleskine, I know it’s time to journal. When I open my planner, I know it’s time to plan my days. There’s comfort in this.

You may choose a single notebook – that’s cool. It’s always a personal thing.

Rule 2 – The legend, key and labelling process

A for Action

For any actions or tasks, I label the note with an A for action.

That way I can quickly see what I need to get done.

Picture showing labelling of actions in a notebook

These could be actual actions and work I need to complete, or it could be a passage I want to add to my book, or an invoice I need to issue. It’s actions and things that need doing. I can then quick process the notes and pull out actions.

Although I process each week, I typically scan for actions each day, as some deliverables need doing immediately.

I for Ideas

For anything that is an idea or thought I label it with an “I” for idea. These end up in a specific Evernote folder for future ideas.

Photo showing labelling for ideas in a notebook

These may be ways to improve my workflow, new business ideas, new book titles. Things I don’t need to do immediately. Things for the future. I occasionally then scan this folder and look at the ideas – I may delete some, pull some forward or just leave them there. There’s power in knowing, especially for a content creator, that I have a bucket full of ideas that I can peruse through.

B for Blog

For new blog or vlog ideas I’ll label these with a B for blog. I have a folder in Evernote for blog ideas.

Photo showing labelling for blog post ideas in a notebook

O + F for feedback

For feedback I need to give to an employee, it’s labelled with an O for observation, followed by an F+ for positive feedback, or F- for negative feedback.

Photo showing labelling of observations with feedback

I always make a note of the behaviours, because all feedback should be about behaviours – not the person.

I transfer these to the HR tool of choice for personnel data and of course, ensure I sit down and give that person the feedback too.

A quick side note for managers reading this. It’s important to keep these observations, conversations and notes about individuals. Firstly, so when you come to do your performance reviews, they are accurate, rather than simply relying on their most recent performance. But also, because should you ever have to put a case for promotion together – you have evidence. Equally, should you need to remove someone from the organisation, you also have all of the evidence your HR team will need to move ahead with that process. It’s the right thing to do for your people and yourself.

Rule 3 – 60 Days Proof

With all of your notes, it’s important to write them to be 60 day’s proof.

That means in 60 days from now, when all of the immediate memories, emotions and context have gone, those notes still make sense.

It’s common to see people looking through notes, reports, emails – you name it – and having no idea what they relate to.

I add as much meta data and context information as possible to the note – and of course, ensure the notes are clear, relevant and easy to understand. I add the dates, times, people present in meetings, speaker details, meeting agenda – whatever I need to make sense of this note in 60 days from now.

Trust me. By taking your time to do this you’ll look back at notes and they’ll be relevant and meaningful. It’s a great skill to learn.

Different Methods of Note-taking

There are a gazillion different methods of note-taking – I’m only including ones here that I personally use.

Mind-maps

Mind-maps are wonderful ways to capture notes and ideas and to show the relationship between each element. Also known as a spider diagram, they work on the idea of a central topic and relevant ideas, topics and content spidering from that main idea.

Photo of a mindmap

Mind maps are very powerful ways of showing relationships and they are very quick to produce. I like them a lot, but I see them mis-used in most workplaces, when people try to then use them to communicate to others.

It’s a mind map – your mind – on paper.

It’s not always easy for other people to read them in the way that you created them. It’s why digital mind map tools use markers, numbers, labels and flags – to aid in other people reading them. Mind maps are best used for getting things out of your head.

Then do the hard work of compiling what you’ve made notes about back into something that hits your Purpose, Audience and Context properly – and the chance are that won’t be a mindmap.

Cornell Method

I like the Cornell method a lot and use it mostly when I’m studying a new subject from a book or talk or video. The basic idea is to split the page in to two by drawing a vertical line down the page, splitting the page by about a third versus two thirds.

A photo showing the Cornell Method

In the bigger area you write down the content, ideas and subject matter – then in the smaller area write down actions, ideas, extra reading, or whatever else comes to mind when you’re making notes.

It can work well for meetings too – it’s a powerful way of essentially leaving space for extra notes and ideas.

Flow Diagrams

A photo showing a flow style note taking method

I use these a lot – not always to show the flow of work or ideas or information, but just to make straight forward notes more interesting. It gives a sense of direction to notes, but also makes it more straightforward to read. I like it also because they’re more fun to create.

Bullet Lists

A good old fashioned bullet list, or numbered list can work wondered. These work very well when the subject is pretty high level. It can get confusing with nested bullets, when the topic gets expanded and detailed.

A photo showing bullet list note taking

General Notes

Then of course you have just general notes – straight forward, simple, easy to do. Just open the page and write.

These work best when you use some form of labelling or legend system. It makes it easier to find notes and quickly process them.

Experiment

I’d encourage you to experiment with as many ways of taking notes as possible – and find the ones that resonate with you.

Great note taking will help you remember that which is important, it will show others that you are listening and paying attention, and it will get things out of your head giving you the space to think about the really important things in life.

Combine good note taking with a good Personal Knowledge Management System and you’ll really take your career places.

I do hope you enjoyed this post.

Products mentioned:

Moleskine soft cover notebook

Posh Ted Baker notebook

Trusty Yellow Legal Pads

Inamio Planner

Project management book from Paperchase

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Rob

Rob